Intestinal obstruction is a blockage that retains meals or liquid from passing via your small gut or giant gut (colon). Causes of intestinal obstruction might embrace fibrous bands of tissue (adhesions) within the stomach that type after surgical procedure, an infected gut (Crohn’s illness), contaminated pouches in your gut (diverticulitis), hernias and colon most cancers.
With out remedy, the blocked elements of the gut can die, resulting in critical issues. Nonetheless, with immediate medical care, its usually will be efficiently handled.
Indicators and signs of it embrace:
- Crampy stomach ache that comes and goes
- Lack of urge for food
- Lack of ability to have a bowel motion or move fuel
- Swelling of the stomach
When to see a health care provider
Due to the intense problems that may develop from intestinal obstruction, search instant medical care if in case you have extreme stomach ache or different signs of it.
The commonest causes of intestinal obstruction in adults are:
- Intestinal adhesions — bands of fibrous tissue within the stomach cavity that may type after stomach or pelvic surgical procedure
- Colon most cancers
In youngsters, the commonest reason for intestinal obstruction is telescoping of the gut (intussusception).
Different potential causes of intestinal obstruction embrace:
- Hernias — parts of gut that protrude into one other a part of your physique
- Inflammatory bowel ailments, resembling Crohn’s illness
- Diverticulitis — a situation during which small, bulging pouches (diverticula) in the digestive tract turn out to be infected or contaminated
- Twisting of the colon (volvulus)
- Impacted feces
Intestinal pseudo-obstruction (paralytic ileus) may cause indicators and signs of intestinal obstruction, however does not contain a bodily blockage. In paralytic ileus, muscle or nerve issues disrupt the traditional coordinated muscle contractions of the intestines, slowing or stopping the motion of meals and fluid via the digestive system.
Paralytic ileus can have an effect on any a part of the gut. Causes can embrace:
- Belly or pelvic surgical procedure
- An infection
- Sure drugs that have an effect on muscle tissues and nerves, together with tricyclic antidepressants, resembling amitriptyline and imipramine (Tofranil), and opioid ache drugs, resembling these containing hydrocodone (Vicodin) and oxycodone (Oxycontin)
- Muscle and nerve issues, resembling Parkinson’s illness
Illnesses and situations that may enhance your danger of intestinal obstruction embrace:
- Belly or pelvic surgical procedure, which frequently causes adhesions — a standard intestinal obstruction
- Crohn’s illness, which may trigger the gut’s partitions to thicken, narrowing the passageway
- Most cancers in your stomach, particularly in case you’ve had surgical procedure to take away an stomach tumor or radiation remedy
Untreated, it may possibly trigger critical, life-threatening problems, together with:
- Tissue dying. Intestinal obstruction can reduce off the blood provide to a part of your gut. Lack of blood causes the intestinal wall to die. Tissue dying can lead to a tear (perforation) within the intestinal wall, which may result in an infection.
- An infection. Peritonitis is the medical time period for an infection within the stomach cavity. It is a life-threatening situation that requires instant medical and sometimes surgical consideration.